Do dogs get periods ? Many pet owners constantly enquire whether female dogs have periods. Pets that are not spayed and have a normal cycle are capable of bleeding once or thrice per year depending on the size or breed.
Spayed dogs are sterilized which means they don’t have ovaries which renders them incapable of having litters. Pet owners who have no idea whether this happens it may come as a surprise or a frightening experience since the first one can be messy.
Adequate knowledge will help you study your dog’s cycle and behaviour, which will help you stand by your pooch once it takes place. People shouldn’t find this phenomenon strange since all mammals, including humans, share almost similar reproductive organs.
Do Dogs Get Periods ? What Is The Normal Cycle ?
In humans, the cycle is known as a menstrual cycle which starts by having the eggs ready to ovulate. The cycle takes at least 28 days which is different in each woman due to the difference is external and internal factors.
On the other hand, female dogs go through a cycle known as the estrous cycle. It serves a similar purpose as observed in humans, but it takes an averagely 180 days to complete. The reason why most people find the phenomenal similar for both species is because of the vaginal discharge present to mark the end of the cycle.
In humans, the menstrual cycle is an initial preparation to harbour a fetus which triggers the release of an egg and thickening of uterine walls.
Once the fertilization process fails, the uterine walls disintegrate and are secreted in the form of bloody discharge. On the other hand, the dog’s unfertilised eggs are nutritious and beneficial to the body which absorbs the nutrients for a period of time.
The discharge that is noted emanates fro the vagina and not the uterus as its the case with humans. In humans, the menstrual cycle is normally an indication of the unfertilised egg getting its way out for the commencement of another cycle. In dogs, it indicates the ideal time to make new puppies. It suggests the beginning of fertility rather than the end.
Dogs in Heat and the Estrus Cycle
It would be wise to learn the estrous cycle to get a better understanding of what transpires during that cycle. The estrous cycle is made up of four phases which are estrus, proestrus, anestrus and diestrus. During the first two phases, estrus and proestrus are when you spot some vaginal blood discharges, especially the proestrus phase.
These first two phases are when the dog is regarded to be in heat. The proestrus phase takes around 3- 17 days where the body produces and releases huge levels of oestrogen hormone. During this phase, the dog produces huge levels of oestrogen and pheromone.
Proestrus is accompanied by a bloody discharge which appears dark red at the beginning. Another indication that the dog is in the proestrus stage is the increased urination frequency. The urine carries typically excessive hormones and pheromones traces that help the male dogs to know the female dog is in heat.
Estrus is regarded as the shortest phase in the cycle which goes for 4-7 days. It’s in this time of the cycle where the dog is primed to mate and fertilize. During this period the vagina discharge is still secreted but on a lighter note. The discharge could be described as light pink or red, which is much less compared to proestrus phase.
The dog’s active behaviour fades at this stage where they develop the urge to rest more in anticipation of pregnancy. The third phase is the diestrus which signifies the end to the bloody show regardless of a successful or failed fertilization process. The phase takes typically about 65 days even when pregnant.
A failed attempt to get pregnant results in a self-sufficient process that sees the nutrients formed in anticipation of litters get reabsorbed back by the body. The final phase is the anestrus which lasts for 2-3 months and signifies an era of pure sexual inactivity.
Dealing with Discharge
The discharge intensity varies depending on the phase and doesn’t entirely constitute of pure blood. Depending on the size and the breed, you will notice traces of the discharge, especially in fabric materials and the floor.
The initial stage carries huge traces of blood, and the discharge could be described as a heavy reddish discharge. The intensity drops as the phases shift where the discharge fades to a lighter discharge with speckles of yellow and pink spotting.
The market has a variety of doggy diapers which helps regulate the flow when your pooch is in heat. When the discharge is heavy change, the diapers frequently and cleans your dog’s skin to ensure it’s clean and dry. When you meet something out of the ordinary such as oozing blood outside the heat cycle, visit a vet as soon as possible.
During the heat season, the female dogs develop an urge to urinate more. They sprinkle urine in various territories which has a strong smell due to the increased hormone level and pheromones.
It is a clever way of displaying their sexual desires which attract most male dogs. Young dogs that are developing such symptoms act confused a similar case scenario observed in humans.
Therefore, it is quite necessary to show concern by expressing your love and support to your pooch. You could manage to help them by giving them frequent baths and observing their appetite. Pet owners who are cautious about the littering are advised to keep their pets safe away from male dogs.
The Importance of Spaying Your Pet
Pet owners who do not need accumulating their god count should result in spaying their pets. A professional vet normally performs the invasive surgical procedure. It would be a wise thing to do to help keep your dog away from the estrus cycle experience.
Having an unspayed female dog that is eighteen months of age could have a bloody vaginal discharge which is why it is important to have your dog either spaying or neutering, this can have a positive effect on the dog experiences for breeding dogs which reaches puberty. The number of times per year would be helpful for smaller breeds that have unwanted pregnancy .
When having a female dog yo need to be mindful as a pet owner to ensure that her well being is kept up.
The procedure is done safely in the bid to sterilize the ovaries, which renders them ineffective. The process is termed as an ovariohysterectomy, which is the sterilization process but its famously known as spaying. The benefits of spaying are far much more helpful since it regulates the number of stray dogs.
It also helps to boost the health of your dog since the body only concentrates on growth without divided attention. It also helps tame their behaviour since the cycle is responsible for introducing hormones that cause a change in behaviour.
You should consider the increased number of pets in shelters waiting to get owners and spay your dog. It is crucial to know the kind of nutrition and diet to give your dog after the surgery. Most vets provide pre- and post-surgery advice on issues related to nutrition.
There are available food products available for neutered or spayed dogs. You will need your pet to recover as soon as possible. Some immediate changes you’ll note is increased inactivity since the metabolic rate is drastically lowered. Pet owners who are keen on raising a litter should strive to know their pet’s reproductive cycle for easy adjustments when the dog is in heat.
Dogs and menopause.
When people raise questions, such as do dogs have periods? It might hit them to know whether dogs have to go through menopause. The answer is no. Dogs don’t go through this stage since their cycle is sparsely spread out with only a few ready to mate moments. Dogs are capable of breeding between 6-12 months old. Dogs are capable of breeding even at the later stages in life since they don’t go through menopause.